1. Early Recognition
Witnessing an emergency event, making an immediate assessment of the situation, and deciding to act.
2. Early Access
Confirming unresponsiveness and calling 9-1-1 or on-site emergency responders and following the instructions of the emergency dispatcher.
3. Early CPR
Beginning cardio-pulmonary resuscitation (CPR) immediately.
4. Early Defibrillation
Immediately retrieving and using an automated external defibrillator (AED) to restore the heart back into normal rhythm.
5. Early Advanced Care
Emergency medical services (EMS) responders begin immediate advanced life support including additional resuscitative measures and/or other therapies.
6. Early Follow-Up Care
Seeking and receiving effective follow-up care after a sudden cardiac arrest.